Eunomia was the goddess of law and legislation and one of the Second Generation of the Horae along with her sisters Dik? and Eirene. The Horae were law and order goddesses who maintained the stability of society, and were worshipped primarily in the cities of Athens, Argos and Olympia. From Pindar:
In the polis of Sparta, Eunomia was the idea of balance between the Spartiates (high class of Laconia), the Perioikoi (surrounding territories) and the Helots, who were the slave class of citizens for the Spartiates and Perioikoi. The Spartiates and Perioikoi were the only ones who fully believed in Eunomia among them. It was common practice for the children who had finished their military training in Laconia to go on scavenger hunts where they would pillage the town of the Helots as a test of their manliness.
The Helots were permitted to defend themselves from the raids, including killing any children who tried to pillage their town, but the Helots were still inferior to the Spartiates, as they would engage in terrorist acts such a burning the villages of the Helots, stealing any personal belongings they wanted, and raping the women.
The Eunomia Eighty-eight or Eunomia Numberwing (Callicore eunomia) is a species of butterfly of the Nymphalidae family. It is found in the upper Amazonian region from Colombia and Guyana to Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia.
The wingspan is 30–40 mm. Adults are black with a broad, orange or red area on the forewings and a blue area on the hindwings. There is a rare form, ab. confluens, found in central Peru, in which the black markings on the underside are greatly enlarged.
Renowned lepidopterist William Chapman Hewitson provided the first description of the ‘Eighty-eight’ in 1853.